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北外英语翻译资格证书考试2001年试题(中级口译)

  作者:网络  来源:转载  浏览次数:3731  添加时间:2007/11/26

北外英语翻译资格证书考试2001年试题


(四) 中级口译
考试时间:30分钟


Part 1 English into Chinese


[//表示停顿]


International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime


Organized crime groups pose challenges as never before to societies everywhere. Whether involved in drug trafficking, money laundering, people smuggling or outright terrorism they operate in a sophisticated way without regard to national frontiers. The profits of crime are vast. The International Monetary Fund has stated that he aggregate size of money laundering in the world could be somewhere between two and five per cent of the world’s gross domestic product.


Putting a dollar figure on that, it is estimated that money laundering activity could now involve as much as 1.5 trillion US dollars a year, and it seems likely that half of that figure is attributable to the proceeds of drug trafficking.//


Given that profits of this scale can be made, the temptations for people at all levels to get involved are manifest, and we must clearly understand and beak down the vicious cycle that exists between money laundering)and corruption: corruption has to be well funded to, succeed in its object of corrupting public officials and others, and that is being achieved all too often by the use of illicit assets.


The manner in which we respond to this problem is not only a test of our concern for a safer world, but a measure of our determination to create a decent future for coning generations.//


In the wake of the events of 11 September 2001, a war against terrorism is being pursued on various fronts. This includes a direct assault on money laundering, which is now recognized, more so than ever before, as an insidious crime which is all pervasive. It threatens the stability of our societies. It undermines our financial institutions. It challenges our national security.


As a transnational crime, money laundering can only be combated through close cooperation among national authorities efforts by states acting alone to attack the economic power of criminal groups will not succeed if other states do not take complementary action. In the absence of a coordinated and effective international framework, all too often non-participating countries offer criminals safe havens for laundering funds.//


And as patterns of crime develop and become mere sophisticated and profitable, we in law enforcement must be adequately resourced, fully trained, and efficiently deployed We must prosecute the organized criminals, size their assets, and disrupt their operations. The fight against money laundering will be a protracted and complex process, and we must be prepaid to play a long game. Our societies expect no less of us.


For when we fight money laundering, we fight organized crime. When we fight money laundering, we keep drugs out playgrounds and away from our kids. We keep weapons out of the hands of terrorists. We protect small business. And we safeguard the human dignity of women and children trafficked into forced labor and prostitution. When we stop criminals from enjoying the of their illicit activity, we serve the cause of freedom and justice. For law enforcement, there is no higher calling.//


Part 2 Chinese into English


信息革命


当前,以信息技术为代表的高新技术发展日新月异,信息技术与信息产业正在有力地推动着经济全球化的进程,并由此产生了新的经济模式,催生了一些新的产业,加速了世界性的产业结构、产品结构的调整,对全球社会经济活动产生了难以估量的影响。
全球信息产业技术目前正以两位数的年增长率高速排展,互联网已经连接了159个国家和地区,近3万个电脑网络、7000多万台服务器主机和1万多个数据库,上网用户已达1.96亿。整个信息产业的产值半年来更是提高了近100万倍。//
自第一台电子计算机在1946年问世以来,其发展速度是所有学科中最快的。近30多年来,计算机平均性能保持每年增长50%。根据摩尔定律,集成电路中芯片的计算能力每18至24个月会增长一倍。
通信与信息技术进步大大加快了全球经济一体化的进程。一方面,由于各国信息网络的发展和全球互联,加快了信息的传递和交流,极大地促进了国际贸易、国际金融和跨国生产经营活动的发展。另一方面,国际经济活动的高速发展和全球经济一体趋势的形成,又进一步扩大了国际信息交流的需求,促进了信息网络的建设与发展。//
目前,中国的信息产业发展速度较快,迈讨合资合作的方式引进了一些先进的生产线,并通过技术创新使信息产业的整体水平得到了提高。但是,我们也应该充分地认识到,面对市场竞争,尤其是面对国际竞争,一个最突出的弱点,就是我们缺乏具有自主知识产权的技术和产品。这些年,信息产业是在低基数下获得了高速发展,但是核心信息技术和应用中的产品、技术多是境外品牌,国内需求自给给率不到20%。
我们今后的挑战是,如何发挥中华民族优良的创意传统,促成全面适应引世纪新形势要求的民族信息产业的腾飞和蓬勃发展。//

·上篇文章:北外英语翻译资格证书考试2002年5月试题(初级笔译)
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